The Lapland Bunting,
Calcarius lapponicus, is a passerine bird in the bunting family
Emberizidae, a group now separated by most modern authors from
the finches, Fringillidae. It breeds across arctic Europe and
Asia and in Canada and the northernmost USA. In North America
it is known as the Lapland Longspur. It is migratory, wintering
in the Russian steppes, the southern USA, and coastal Denmark
and Great Britain. It breeds in wet areas with birch or willow,
and or bare mountains, and winters on cultivated land or coasts.
The bird is often seen close to the tree line. The Lapland Bunting
is a robust bird, with a thick yellow seed-eater's bill. The summer
male has a black head and throat, white eyestripe, chestnut nape,
white underparts, and a heavily streaked black-grey back. Other
plumages have a plainer orange-brown head, a browner back and
chestnut nape and wing panels.
The most common
flight call is a hard "prrrrt" usually preceded by a
more nasal "teeww". When breeding, it also makes a softer
"duyyeee" followed by a pause and a "triiiuuu";
both sounds alternate. Its natural food consists of insects when
feeding young, and otherwise seeds. The nest is on the ground.
2-4 eggs are laid. These birds often feed in mixed flocks in winter.
Above Pictures Come From The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service