Esox Linnaeus, 1758,
is a genus of freshwater fish, the only member of the pike family
(family Esocidae) of order Esociformes. The type species is E.
lucius, the northern pike. The species of this genus are known
as the pikes. The pike species are native to the Palearctic and
Nearctic ecozones, ranging across northern North America and from
Western Europe to Siberia in Eurasia.
Pikes can grow
to a maximum recorded length of 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in), reaching a
maximum recorded weight of 35 kg (77 lb). Individuals have been
reported to reach 30 years in age. They have the elongated, torpedo-like
form of predatory fishes, with sharply-pointed heads and sharp
teeth. Their coloration is typically grey-green with a mottled
or spotted appearance. The pikes are notoriously voracious carnivores
and can be potential pests when introduced into alien ecosystems.
They are prized as gamefish for their determined fighting and
have been food fish since ancient times.
1 & 2 Come From The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
3 & 4 Are Courtesy of The U.S.D.A.