apple cultivars are soft but crisp. Other desired in modern commercial
apple breeding are a colorful skin, absence of russeting, ease
of shipping, lengthy storage ability, high yields, disease resistance,
typical 'Red Delicious' apple shape, long stem (to allow pesticides
to penetrate the top of the fruit), and popular flavor.
are often oddly shaped, russeted, and have a variety of textures
and colors. Many of them have excellent flavour (often better
than most modern cultivars), but may have other problems which
make them commercially unviable, such as low yield, liability
to disease, or poor tolerance for storage or transport. Few old
cultivars are still produced on a large scale, but many have been
kept alive by home gardeners and farmers that sell directly to
local markets. Many unusual and locally important cultivars with
their own unique flavor and appearance are out there to discover;
apple conservation campaigns have sprung up around the world to
preserve such local heirlooms from extinction.
Above Images Are From The U.S.D.A.