The Orange Citrus x sinensis is a Citrus tree, and the fruits of this tree. It is a hybrid of cultivated origin, possibly between C. maxima and C. reticulata. It is a small tree growing to 10 m tall, with thorny shoots and evergreen leaves 4-10 cm long. The fruit originated in southeast Asia, either in India, Vietnam or southern China. The original fruit is rather bitter compared to modern cultivars, as is referred to as the sour orange (or alternately, bitter, bigarade or Seville orange). The sour taste is in fact attributed to the slight acidity of the orange's juice.













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Cultivation and uses
Oranges are widely grown in warm climates worldwide. The flavors of orange vary from sweet to sour. The fruit is commonly peeled and eaten fresh, or squeezed for its juice. It has a thick bitter rind that is usually discarded, but can be processed into animal feed by removing water using pressure and heat. It can also be used in certain recipes as flavoring or a garnish. The outer-most layer of the rind is grated or thinly veneered with a tool called a zester, to produce orange zest which is popular in cooking because it has a similar flavor to the inner part of the orange. The white part of the rind, pith, is almost always discarded.


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