Defined strictly, a
deer is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. A
number of broadly similar animals, from related families within
the order Artiodactyla, are often also called deer. Depending
on the species, male deer are called stags, harts, bucks or bulls,
and females are called hinds, does or cows. Young deer are called
fawns or calves. Hart is an expression for a stag, particularly
a Red Deer stag past its fifth year. It is not commonly used,
but an example is in Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet"
when Tybalt refers to the brawling Montagues and Capulets as hartless
hinds. "The White Hart" and "The Red Hart"
are common English pub names.
Deer are widely
distributed, with representatives in all continents except Australia
and Africa. Australia does have six introduced species of deer
that have established sustainable wild populations from Acclimatisation
Society releases in the 19th Century. These are Fallow Deer, Red
Deer, Sambar Deer, Hog Deer, Rusa Deer, and Chital Deer
Above Images Come From The US Fish & Wildlife Service