The animal Alces alces, called the Moose in North America and the Elk in Europe (see also elk for other animals called elk) is the largest of all the deer family Cervidae, distinguished from other members of Cervidae by the form of the antlers of its males. These arise as cylindrical beams projecting on each side at right angles to the middle line of the skull, which after a short distance divide in a fork-like manner. The lower prong of this fork may be either simple, or divided into two or three tines, with some flattening. The word "moose" is thought to be from "mus" or "moos" of the Algonquian (northern American Indian) family of languages.













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In the East Siberian race of the Elk (Alces alces bedfordiae) the posterior division of the main fork divides into three tines, with no distinct flattening. In the Common Elk (Alces alces alces), on the other hand, this branch usually expands into a broad palmation, with one large tine at the base, and a number of smaller snags on the free border. There is, however, a Scandinavian phase of the Common Elk in which the antlers are simpler, and recall those of the East Siberian race.

















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