A sheep is any of several
woolly ruminant quadrupeds, but most commonly the Domestic Sheep
(Ovis aries), which probably descends from the wild moufflon of
south-central and south-west Asia. For other types of sheep and
their close relatives, see goat antelope. For more information
on the raising and breeding of sheep, see "Sheep husbandry."Classification
Sheep breeders know female sheep as ewes, intact males as rams,
castrated males as wethers, yearlings as hoggets, and younger
sheep as lambs. Note the adjective applying to sheep: ovine; and
the collective terms for sheep: flock and mob.
wool breeds for superior wool quantity and quality (fineness of
fibers), wool staple length and degree of crimp in the fiber.
Major wool breeds include Merino, Rambouillet, and Lincoln. Breeders
of meat sheep concentrate on fast growth, multiple births, ease
of lambing, and hardiness. Breeds of meat sheep include Suffolk,
Hampshire, Dorset, Columbia, and Texel. Dual-use breeds include
the Corriedale. The Finnish Landrace sheep has a reputation for
multiple births. Some breeds, called hair sheep, like the Katahdin
and Dorper, have little to no wool.
Above Images Come From The Courtesy of the USDA