Turtles are reptiles of the order Testudinata, most of whose body is shielded by a special bony shell developed from their ribs. The term turtle is usually used for the aquatic species, aquatic fresh-water turtles also being referred to as terrapins. The term is also used (esp. North America) to refer to all members of the order, including tortoises, which are predominantly land based. The order of Testudines includes both extant (living) and extinct varieties. About 300 species are alive today.














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Sea turtles grow to large sizes and live in the oceans in the temperate and tropical regions of the earth. Pond turtles (or terrapins) are generally of a much smaller size, while land based terrapins (or tortoises) can be as big as the sea turtles. The measured sizes of turtles varies from a few centimetres (forest/jungle species) to up to two meters (the leatherback and the galapagos tortoises). All turtles have a protective shell around their bodies. The top part of their case is called the carapace, the underside is the plastron, and the two are connected by the bridge. Turtles generally live a long time; some individuals are known to have lived longer than 150 years.

Above Images Are From The N.O.A.A.
















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