The Peanut is the seed of the plant, Arachis hypogaea, a member of the pea family Fabaceae. Although a nut in the culinary sense, in the botanical sense the fruit of the peanut is a woody, indehiscent legume or pod. The pods, usually containing two seeds each, develop underground. The peanut plant is a hairy, taprooted annual that measures 30-50 cm (1-1.5 feet) in height. Peanuts are also known as Groundnuts (because they grow underground), Earthnuts, Goobers, Goober peas, Pindas, Pinders, Manila nuts and Monkey nuts (although the last of these is often used to mean the entire pod, not just the seeds). Peanuts are often roasted and salted, but also are often eaten raw, or boiled in salt water. They can also be made into peanut butter, peanut brittle, candy bars, and other products. Peanut oil is often used in cooking, because it has a mild flavor and burns only at a relatively high temperature.













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Although most people enjoy many foods made with peanuts, some people have severe allergic reactions to peanuts; eating a single peanut can be fatal. For these individuals, just breathing the dust from peanuts has caused a fatal reaction. Development of peanut allergy appears to be associated with the consumption of peanuts in manufactured baby foods by very young children who would normally only be drinking mothers' milk before weaning; once developed, the allergy usually lasts for life. Because of this, peanuts are less frequently served on airplanes and peanut products are banned by many school districts for the protection of allergic students.

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